Fitness Lingo You Should Know

Monday, July 2, 2018

The fitness industry has a reputation for constant change. One thing that does not change is how confusing fitness lingo can be.

Reading YblogThose new to fitness often feel bombarded by acronyms and buzzwords that might as well be a foreign language. As great as the internet is for searching definitions, why waste the time? Spend less time wondering what these acronyms stand for, and more time enjoying your workout.

Upgrade your fitness vocabulary with the fitness lingo you should know:

AMRAP = As Many Rounds/Reps As Possible 
A workout programming style in which participants are given a certain amount of time to do as much of a given exercise(s) as they can. For example, how many burpees can you do in 10 minutes?

BMR = Basal Metabolic Rate
The estimated amount of calories your body burns. This is calculated using multiple variables including age, gender, height, weight, activity level, etc.

DOMS = Delayed On-Set Muscle Soreness
Training causes muscles to break down. Our bodies respond by rebuilding stronger than before. DOMS is the in-between time when we experience potentially painful fatigue in recently trained muscles.

EPOC = Exercise Post-Oxygen Consumption
Consider this the “after-burn” of your workout. Training at a high intensity causes your body to burn additional calories after the workout has stopped.

HIIT = High-Intensity Interval Training
Repeated training efforts demanding maximum effort. HIIT workouts balance work-to-rest ratios to allow for the highest possible effort with only as much rest as needed to maintain that effort.

NEAT = Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis
General movement throughout the day accumulates into a relatively large amount of calories burned. This movement is not specific to training sessions, rather everyday activity such as mowing the lawn, choosing stairs over the elevator, using a standing desk, etc.

PR = Personal Record
What is your best? For example, what is your fastest mile, the most push-ups you can do in a row, best time through a specific workout, etc.?

ROM = Range of Motion
This refers to how much movement potential you have within a joint or muscle. Multiple factors can influence ROM, such as joint stability, muscle tension, injury history, etc.

RPE = Rate of Perceived Exertion
Typically based on a scale of 1 to 10, RPE is a self-selected measure of how hard you are working. A rating of “1” is considering as easy an effort as possible, while a rating of “10” is the hardest you can possibly work.

SGT = Small Group Training 
This is the happy middle ground between the individual attention of personal training and the high-energy of larger groups. Ranging from 4-8 participants, you are sure to find your fitness happy place.

TRX = Total Body Resistance Training
These portable training straps attach to a wall-mount, fence, or overhead tree branch. Allowing for quick and simple exercise modifications, this device is popular in private training sessions, small groups, and traveling workouts alike.

Navigating the world of health and fitness should not be harder than your actual workout. Learn these basic acronyms, and you sound like a fitness pro in no time.


Nick Rozek Greater Green Bay YMCA
East Side Healthy Living Director & Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist